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Metalloporphyrin-Based Superoxide Dismutase Mimic Attenuates the Nuclear Translocation of Apoptosis-Inducing Factor and the Subsequent DNA Fragmentation After Permanent Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Mice

Other Titles
 Metalloporphyrin-Based Superoxide Dismutase Mimic Attenuates the Nuclear Translocation of Apoptosis-Inducing Factor and the Subsequent DNA Fragmentation After Permanent Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Mice 
Authors
 Byung I. Lee ; Pak H. Chan ; Gyung W. Kim 
Citation
 Stroke, Vol.36.0(12) : 2712~2717, 2005 
Journal Title
 Stroke 
ISSN
 0039-2499 
Issue Date
2005
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recently, apoptosis- inducing factor (AIF), a mitochondrial proapoptotic protein, and its nuclear translocation have been reported in caspase-independent neuronal apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the contribution of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to the nuclear translocation of AIF and the subsequent DNA fragmentation after permanent focal cerebral ischemia (pFCI) using manganese tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin (MnTBAP), which mimics mitochondrial superoxide dismutase. METHOD: Adult male ICR mice were subjected to pFCI by intraluminal suture blockade of the middle cerebral artery. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis were performed. Large-scale DNA fragmentation was evaluated by pulse field gel electrophoresis, and apoptotic cell death was quantified. MnTBAP was injected into the ventricle to determine whether the removal of ROS contributes to AIF translocation and the subsequent DNA fragmentation. RESULTS: Western blot analysis showed that the nuclear translocation of AIF occurred as early as 2 hours after pFCI. AIF translocation was not blocked by a pan-caspase inhibitor. MnTBAP-treated mice had attenuated AIF translocation and blocked large-scale DNA fragmentation. Caspase-3 activity was similarly inhibited between the pan-caspase inhibitor- and MnTBAP-treated mice, but the amount of apoptosis-associated DNA fragmentation in the MnTBAP-treated mice was less than in the pan-caspase inhibitor-treated mice (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the MnTBAP, a mitochondrial O2- scavenger, may attenuate the caspase-independent nuclear translocation of AIF after pFCI and subsequent apoptosis-associated DNA fragmentation.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/147618
DOI
10.1161/​01.STR.0000190001.97140.cf
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Neurology
Yonsei Authors
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